Types of Sculpture
Freestanding Sculpture or Sculpture-in-the-Round is either made by Carving, Modeling or Joining materials.
Modeling is an additive process using soft materials such as plaster, clay or wax.
Since the materials are not very durable, they are usually cast in a more durable medium.
Materials include anything that can be poured including molten metal, cement or plastic.
Modeling encourages open forms with the aid of metal armatures to support their extension into space.
Carving is the opposite of Modeling - a subtractive process that starts with a solid block, usually stone, highly resistant to the chisel of the sculptor.
The brittleness of stone and the difficulty of cutting it tend to result in the compact, closed forms.
Joining is the creation of scultpure by combining materials together.
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